Irregular Verbs List: Your Handy Reference

The ‘irregular verbs list’ is a helpful tool for learning English verbs. Verbs are words that show actions, events, or states. In English, there are two types: regular and irregular verbs. Regular verbs usually follow a pattern by adding ‘-ed’ to form their past tense and past participle. However, irregular verbs don’t follow this rule; they have their own unique past tense and past participle forms. Consulting an irregular verbs list can make it easier to remember these special verb forms, which don’t change in the expected way.

Irregular Verbs List

Irregular verbs require memorization since their past tense and past participle forms deviate from the regular pattern. Below, you’ll find a tabular presentation of commonly used irregular verbs, making it convenient for quick reference.

Base FormPast SimplePast Participle
arisearosearisen
bewas/werebeen
bearboreborne/born
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
betbet/bettedbet/betted
bitebitbitten
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
bringbroughtbrought
buildbuiltbuilt
burstburstburst
buyboughtbought
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
comecamecome
costcostcost
cutcutcut
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamt/dreameddreamt/dreamed
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
fleefledfled
flyflewflown
forbidforbadeforbidden
forgetforgotforgotten
forgiveforgaveforgiven
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgot/gotten
givegavegiven
gowentgone
growgrewgrown
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
kneelknelt/kneeledknelt/kneeled
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leanleant/leanedleant/leaned
leapleapt/leapedleapt/leaped
learnlearnt/learnedlearnt/learned
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
lightlitlit
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
paypaidpaid
putputput
readreadread
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
shakeshookshaken
shineshoneshone
shootshotshot
showshowedshown/showed
shrinkshrankshrunk
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
smellsmelt/smelledsmelt/smelled
speakspokespoken
spellspelt/spelledspelt/spelled
spendspentspent
spillspilt/spilledspilt/spilled
spitspat/spitspat/spit
splitsplitsplit
spreadspreadspread
springsprangsprung
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstuck
stingstungstung
stinkstankstunk
strikestruckstruck/stricken
swearsworesworn
sweepsweptswept
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
understandunderstoodunderstood
wakewoke/wakedwoken/waked
wearworeworn
weepweptwept
winwonwon
windwoundwound
withdrawwithdrewwithdrawn
withholdwithheldwithheld
withstandwithstoodwithstood
Irregular Verbs List

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